Theatre, revue and circus

Grand and Small rights

Within theatrical productions (theatre and revue), a distinction is made between ‘Grand Rights’ and ‘small performance rights’. You can read more about the differences between the two areas here.

  • Small performance rights

When a theatrical production uses existing music, this is known as ‘small performance rights’. This falls within the scope of Koda’s rights management, so we collect payment and carry out distributions within this field. ‘Small performance rights’ might involve theatres putting on theatrical concerts, musical-like performances, dance and ballet performances, and plays and other productions where existing music is used. By ‘existing music’ we mean music that is not specifically composed for a particular play/show. Koda will distribute the amounts received minus a deduction for administrative costs, amounts deducted for national purposes, etc.

  • Grand Rights

Dramatic performances using music written directly for the play/piece in question are called ‘Grand Rights’. This may, for example, involve operas, operettas, musicals, ballets, pantomimes and similar productions. Such performances do not fall within the scope of Koda’s rights management; instead, the rights must be cleared directly with the rightsholders. If you wish, you can join Koda-Dramatik, which manages Grand Rights. Read more about Koda-Dramatik

Distributions for mechanical music used in theatrical productions

We also carry out distributions for the music typically played mechanically between the various acts of theatrical productions.


Music used in circus performances fall under the scope of ‘small rights’. In your distribution documents, distributions for circus performances will be listed as ‘Theatre Concert, etc.’

When does Koda carry out distributions?

See our distribution schedule for details.